October 19, 2016
Three Things Learned in General Psych
Psychology is one of the most important things anyone could learn about in life. It covers a varying range of topics from the importance of sleep, how humans learn, and memory.
Sleep is important to the body. It helps people to learn better and the remember things better. It restores and repairs damaged parts of the brain. It also helps to promote creative problem solving. As children, people are told that sleeping will help them grown. This may appear to be a lie that parents tell their children to get them to go to sleep at a decent hour, but it’s fact that deep sleep promotes growth and muscle development.
With today’s technology, it can be hard to go to sleep at a decent hour. The levels of melatonin in the brain increases at night, and when people use phones before they sleep, it can decrease that level. Many phones have a “night mode” to change the overall colors on the screen to warmer colors because the blue light in phones and televisions mimic daylight and can make it difficult to sleep at night. Without sleep, people can feel tired, have little energy, have weight gain, depression, conflicts in their relationships and a shorter life span.
There are also a range of sleeping disorders. Insomnia includes having difficulty sleeping or falling asleep. Narcolepsy is when people randomly fall asleep without warning. People with this disorder often have “sleeping attacks.” Sleep apnea affects mostly overweight men. It is when someone stops breathing momentarily while they are sleeping. The last sleeping disorder is night terrors. Night terrors include waking up frightened and in a state they cannot remember.
Learning is the process of acquiring new information through experience or behavior. People learn things differently. Some things are learned by association. If something bad happens to someone, they are more likely to remember what was going on around them at the time. Learning is not always what people are taught in school. It can be any experience in which we gain information, so people learn to be afraid of things. A kid is not born afraid of a spider, but as he or she learns about the dangers that spiders can be, he or she becomes afraid of them. People are conditioned to do certain things. People react to a stimulus and that helps them to learn. Sometimes there are biological constraints that can keep someone from learning as easily as other people.
Memory is the persistence of learning over time. Knowing how memory works can make it easier to remember things. People first record things in the sensory memory, but that stuff does not last very long. Information is then processed into short-term memory and by “rehearsing” things, it can be processed into long-term memory. Long-term memory is relatively permanent and limitless. Then there is working memory, which is active processing. There are also different types of memory. Explicit memory are things that a person can declare. Explicit memories are facts and experiences. Implicit memories are classically conditioned associations and are usually not a part of conscious recollection.